American political leaders had long expressed interest in disarming the Great Lakes and proposed such a measure during the negotiations that led to the Jay Treaty of 1794, but British officials rejected the proposal. During the War of 1812, Britain and the United States had built fleets of ships on Lakes Erie and Ontario, and had fought many battles in the region. By the end of the war, American forces had gained supremacy over the lakes. After the war, both powers were wary of each other`s military strength, and a post-war shipbuilding race followed. But both countries also wanted to cut military spending. Unfortunately, the Treaty of Ghent, which ended the war, did not contain any provisions on disarmament. However, commissions were set up to resolve disputed territories along the border (as established in the Treaty of Paris of 1783) between the United States and British North America. In the mid-1840s, the flood of American immigration, as well as an American political movement to claim the entire territory, led to a renegotiation of the agreement. The Oregon Treaty of 1846 permanently established the 49th parallel as the boundary between the United States and British North America and the Pacific Ocean. [Citation required] Although the agreements did not fully address border disputes and trade agreements, the Rush Bagot Agreement and the 1818 Convention marked an important turning point in Anglo-American and American-Canadian relations. Despite the relatively friendly nature of the agreement, it led to a fierce battle for control of the Oregon country over the next two decades.
The British-chartered Hudson`s Bay Company, which had previously established a trade network with Fort Vancouver on the lower Columbia River and other forts in what is now eastern Washington and Idaho, as well as on the Oregon coast and Puget Sound, undertook a difficult campaign to curb American incursions. Fur traders in the region. In the 1830s, when pressure came to the United States to completely annex the region, the company adopted a deliberate policy of exterminating all fur-bearing animals from the Oregon country in order to maximize its remaining profits and delay the arrival of the United States. . . .