Despite this, the EU and the UK have committed to a future trade agreement and the transition period can be extended by another two years (if extended by two years, it will end in December 2022). Additional certificates of protection are governed by EU law, but they are requested and issued as individual national rights. The withdrawal agreement confirms that N. SCS applications expired at the end of the transition period are granted and that they enjoy the same level of protection as existing CPS. After an unprecedented vote on 4 December 2018, MEPs ruled that the UK government was not respecting Parliament because it refused to give Parliament full legal advice on the consequences of its proposed withdrawal terms.  The focus of the consultation was on the legal effect of the “backstop” agreement for Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom with regard to the CUSTOMS border between the EU and the United Kingdom and its impact on the Good Friday agreement that led to the end of the unrest in Northern Ireland, including whether , according to the proposals, the UK would be certain that it would be able to leave the EU in a practical sense. The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the following key areas: If the EU and the UK fail to reach agreement on their future relations by the end of the transition period, which will ensure that there is no border between Ireland and Northern Ireland, the “backstop of Northern Ireland” will enter into force. In this case, Northern Ireland will be part of the UK customs territory, but it will be aligned with a limited set of EU rules, particularly with regard to goods. Trade in goods is affected. There will be regulatory controls on goods taking place at the UK`s entry into Northern Ireland and not through the land border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. In addition, the United Kingdom will apply tariffs to the United Kingdom on products from third countries as long as goods imported with Deminland are threatened with entering the EU internal market.
This applies equally to goods arriving from Great Britain to Northern Ireland or directly to Northern Ireland. However, the UK will apply EU tariffs to products that are at risk of entering the internal market. This is, of course, an extremely complex issue, because at the moment we do not fully understand how the question of the risk of entry into the internal market is defined or what measures the UK will take to enforce EU tariffs in this case and what could happen if the goods actually remained in Northern Ireland. Under the agreement, a joint EU-UK committee will further uncover these issues at a later stage. However, trade in services with the EU must be governed by WTO rules. Under WTO rules, the specific impact for businesses will vary depending on the sector in which they operate. There will be no change in some sectors, while in other (generally highly regulated) sectors there will be additional requirements and standards and even a ban on the provision of certain services between the EU and the UK.