“A… Increasingly towards self-enlargement through extravagant provocations, such as Russian invasions of Georgia and Ukraine, overseas shipping wars in Syria, interference in Western elections, use of energy as a weapon, chronic violations of arms control agreements and agreements, sending “private” military contractors to hotspots around the world, an accumulation of non-strategic nuclear weapons and the search for new nuclear weapons , as well as attacks and attacks on defectors and political opponents in the West who use radioactive poison and an illegal chemical weapon. [9 MB] Conventional weapons refer in principle to all other categories of weapons, with the exception of weapons of mass destruction. Weapons such as mortars, mines, tanks, lasers, space weapons or autonomous weapons systems (so-called killer robots) are dealt with in conventional weapons forums. The most important agreements on conventional weapons are: Intergovernmental arms control organizations are: After the Second World War, the United Nations was established as a body for promoting and maintaining international peace and security.  In 1946, the United States proposed the Baruch Plan to impose strict international control over the nuclear fuel cycle and thus avoid a global nuclear arms race, but the Soviet Union rejected the proposal and the negotiations failed. Following President Eisenhower`s 1953 address to the United Nations General Assembly, the International Atomic Energy Agency was established to promote the peaceful use of nuclear technology and to apply protection measures against the diversion of nuclear materials for peaceful purposes to nuclear weapons. The 1968 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty was signed to prevent the proliferation of nuclear technology in countries outside the five countries that already had nuclear weapons: the United States, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, France and China.  So what I would like to do today to try to put these three elements together and say a few words about what the history of respect for arms control in Moscow can teach us about the challenges that lie ahead in negotiating a new arms control framework. Moreover, this easing of tensions, as the Cold War subsided and ended, allowed some important advances in arms control, as the leaders of that era tried to exploit the opportunities offered by cooperatives, which were opened up by the new atmosphere of strengthened confidence.
For example, with the removal of a class of nuclear-carrying systems by the FNI treaty, and then with the general nuclear reductions prescribed by START I. The peaceful use of space and the prevention of an arms race in outer space will be discussed at the Geneva Conference on Disarmament. The EU`s initiative for a code of conduct for space activities, as expressed by the United Nations, supports the objective of transparency and openness of space activities, as expressed at the UN. On the most abstract level, a look back at the history of U.S. Soviet and Russian armaments control assessments of compliance offers a window of change in geopolitical concerns and priorities, as the pendulum shifts from compliance issues related to high-power rivalry (the focus on reports in the 1980s), to a focus on non-proliferation and threats from a wide range of states (which emerged as a new theme in the 1980s). 1990s) , and then, again, to some extent, the high-powered power rivalry today.